In our last article, we discussed the different types of short sales available and some of the details of the HAFA short sale program, in particular. In this article, we discuss some of the requirements and provisions of the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac short sales.
In my previous article, “How Short Is the Short Sale Process?” I described the process of having a short sale approved. In this series of articles, I will be discussing the specific requirements that must be satisfied in order to be approved.
My previous article regarding New York's Statute of Limitations (CPLR 213) described how New York provides an affirmative defense to actions based upon contractual obligations that accrued more than six (6) years ago.
The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA), originally called the Soldiers and Sailors Civil Relief Act (SCRA), was enacted in 1940 to provide protection for members of the armed forces while serving our country. It requires lenders to provide forbearance and the reduction of interest rates with respect to certain obligations of military members, as well as restricting the entry of default judgments or evictions against them and their dependents.
When real estate is sold, the contract typically specifies that the closing will take place “on or about” a specified date. These “words of art” mean that the specified date is merely a “target date” and that the parties intend to close sometime in its vicinity; furthermore, each party will be entitled to an adjournment for a “reasonable time,” if needed, which New York courts have consistently defined as thirty (30) days.
Prior to the age of the internet, specific information about real estate, such as who owned the property, what mortgages were attached to it and what taxes were owed, could only be obtained by physically examining the County Clerk's records. While this could be done by an attorney or even a lay person, few had the requisite expertise or time to do so and typically a title insurance company would be paid a fee to conduct a search and prepare a report containing the information required.
Prior to 2008, a New York foreclosure would be completed in a year or less. While Loss Mitigation existed, it was not a formal process as it is today, it's something that Servicers did throughout the foreclosure process. This process, known as “Dual Tracking”, was intended to avoid delays in the foreclosure process should the Loss Mitigation efforts fail, but is now prohibited by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Read about it by clicking into our previous article.
The Due-on-Sale clause contained in most mortgages provides that if the property secured by the mortgage is sold to a third party without the lender's consent, the lender has the right to demand full payment of the loan. Lenders require this so that any prospective purchaser will feel compelled to submit a complete application to them, in order to avoid the risk of a foreclosure based upon the default of failing to obtain the lender’s consent. The application will contain the purchaser’s employment, income and all other information the lender would obtain if the purchaser was applying for a new loan. If the bank is satisfied with the creditworthiness of the purchaser, they will consent to the sale.
Failure to strictly comply with two of New York’s recently enacted consumer protection statutes affecting residential foreclosures, RPAPL 1304 and RPAPL 1306, which require a 90-day notice to be sent to the borrower, and specific information contained therein to be filed with the New York State Department of Finance within three days thereafter, have recently been reviewed and interpreted by the New York courts.
When borrowers obtain a mortgage loan, they sign a Note, promising to repay the loan, and a Mortgage, that provides for the property to be sold at a public auction if they default, so the loan may be repaid from the proceeds of the sale. Sometimes, however, the property is sold at the auction for less than the balance due to the lender, resulting in a deficiency.