Peter Roach

Types of Short Sales—Part Three: FHA

Types of Short Sales—Part Three: FHA

In the first two parts of this series of articles, we discussed the short sale programs offered by HAFA (Home Affordable Foreclosure Alternatives), Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Association; FNMA) and Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp; FHLMC). 

Types of Short Sales—Part Two: Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae

Types of Short Sales—Part Two: Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae

In our last articlewe discussed the different types of short sales available and some of the details of the HAFA short sale program, in particular. In this article, we discuss some of the requirements and provisions of the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac short sales.

Types of Short Sales—Part One: HAFA

Types of Short Sales—Part One: HAFA

In my previous article, “How Short Is the Short Sale Process?” I described the process of having a short sale approved. In this series of articles, I will be discussing the specific requirements that must be satisfied in order to be approved. 

Foreclosure Actions - How Does Accelerating the Mortgage Affect the SOL?

Foreclosure Actions - How Does Accelerating the Mortgage Affect the SOL?

My previous article regarding New York's Statute of Limitations (CPLR 213) described how New York provides an affirmative defense to actions based upon contractual obligations that accrued more than six (6) years ago.

Did You Know the 90-day Notice Requirement Extends the Statute of Limitations?

Did You Know the 90-day Notice Requirement Extends the Statute of Limitations?

New York’s RPAPL 1304 requires that prior to the commencement of a foreclosure action, a notice must be given to the borrower allowing 90 days to cure the default before the plaintiff is allowed to file the summons and complaint.

Protections Provided by the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act

Protections Provided by the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act

The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA), originally called the Soldiers and Sailors Civil Relief Act (SCRA), was enacted in 1940 to provide protection for members of the armed forces while serving our country. It requires lenders to provide forbearance and the reduction of interest rates with respect to certain obligations of military members, as well as restricting the entry of default judgments or evictions against them and their dependents.

What Can a Seller Do When a Buyer Is Unable or Unwilling to Close as Scheduled?

What Can a Seller Do When a Buyer Is Unable or Unwilling to Close as Scheduled?

When real estate is sold, the contract typically specifies that the closing will take place “on or about” a specified date. These “words of art” mean that the specified date is merely a “target date” and that the parties intend to close sometime in its vicinity; furthermore, each party will be entitled to an adjournment for a “reasonable time,” if needed, which New York courts have consistently defined as thirty (30) days.  

Why I Love Teaching at St. John’s University School of Law

Why I Love Teaching at St. John’s University School of Law

I have been teaching at St. John’s University School of Law as an adjunct professor since 1987. Adjunct law school professors teach part-time as opposed to full-time, and are typically lawyers who are brought in to lecture on their expertise.

Stay Ahead of the Curve with New York’s Online Real Estate Databases

Stay Ahead of the Curve with New York’s Online Real Estate Databases

Prior to the age of the internet, specific information about real estate, such as who owned the property, what mortgages were attached to it and what taxes were owed, could only be obtained by physically examining the County Clerk's records.  While this could be done by an attorney or even a lay person, few had the requisite expertise or time to do so and typically a title insurance company would be paid a fee to conduct a search and prepare a report containing the information required.

Loss Mitigation: The NY State Court Process

Loss Mitigation: The NY State Court Process

Prior to 2008, a New York foreclosure would be completed in a year or less. While Loss Mitigation existed, it was not a formal process as it is today, it's something that Servicers did throughout the foreclosure process. This process, known as “Dual Tracking”, was intended to avoid delays in the foreclosure process should the Loss Mitigation efforts fail, but is now prohibited by the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Read about it by clicking into our previous article.

Enforceability (or lack thereof) of Due-on-Sale and Due-on-Encumbrance Clauses

Enforceability (or lack thereof) of Due-on-Sale and Due-on-Encumbrance Clauses

Due-on-Sale Clause

The Due-on-Sale clause contained in most mortgages provides that if the property secured by the mortgage is sold to a third party without the lender's consent, the lender has the right to demand full payment of the loan. Lenders require this so that any prospective purchaser will feel compelled to submit a complete application to them, in order to avoid the risk of a foreclosure based upon the default of failing to obtain the lender’s consent. The application will contain the purchaser’s employment, income and all other information the lender would obtain if the purchaser was applying for a new loan. If the bank is satisfied with the creditworthiness of the purchaser, they will consent to the sale. 

Recent Decisions Regarding New York’s Pre-Foreclosure Requirements

Recent Decisions Regarding New York’s Pre-Foreclosure Requirements

Failure to strictly comply with two of New York’s recently enacted consumer protection statutes affecting residential foreclosures, RPAPL 1304 and RPAPL 1306, which require a 90-day notice to be sent to the borrower, and specific information contained therein to be filed with the New York State Department of Finance within three days thereafter, have recently been reviewed and interpreted by the New York courts. 

What Is A Deficiency Judgment?

What Is A Deficiency Judgment?

When borrowers obtain a mortgage loan, they sign a Note, promising to repay the loan, and a Mortgage, that provides for the property to be sold at a public auction if they default, so the loan may be repaid from the proceeds of the sale. Sometimes, however, the property is sold at the auction for less than the balance due to the lender, resulting in a deficiency.